From the time of birth until about 4 months of age an infant’s ocular structures are still developing. With time infant eyesight progresses from blurred patterns of light and dark to clearly delineated shapes, acute colour vision and the beginnings of eye movement control, which leads to the development of eye-hand coordination skills.
Visual acuity and clarity perform an integral function in a child’s visual development and it is important for parents and caregivers to be aware of problems or incongruities that may become apparent. For example, many infants’ eyes may appear to be slightly misaligned, or “crossed” at times. This is normal; however, if the eyes seem to be noticeably or persistently crossed, or the condition persists beyond the age of 6 months, it could be an indication of a problem such as strabismus, lazy eye syndrome, or lack of vision in one eye. Dr. Bryan Friedmann recommends that infants have their first eye exam performed at 6 months of age, and then annually after that.